Type 1 Diabetes Center
Too Much of a Good Thing: Some Diabetes Patients Overtreated
One Diabetes Treatment May Extend Patients' Lives
Blood Sugar Control Could Boost Brain Growth
Holiday Menus for Diabetes Patients
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease. An autoimmune disease results when the body’s system for fighting infection—the immune system—turns against a part of the body. In diabetes, the immune system attacks and destroys the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas.
The pancreas then produces little or no insulin. A person who has type 1 diabetes must take insulin daily to live.
At present, scientists do not know exactly what causes the body’s immune system to attack the beta cells, but they believe that autoimmune, genetic, and...