Eszopiclone

Eszopiclone helps you fall asleep if you have difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep. After taking it, you may get up and do an activity such as drive, eat, and have sex while not fully awake.

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Eszopiclone Overview

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Eszopiclone is a prescription medication used to treat insomnia (difficulty falling or staying asleep). Eszopiclone belongs to a group of drugs called hypnotics. It works by slowing brain activity to allow you to sleep.

This medication comes in tablet form and is taken once daily, immediately before bedtime.

Common side effects include unpleasant taste, dry mouth, and dizziness.

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Lunesta 1 MG Oral Tablet
Color: Blue
Shape: Round
Size: 6.00
Score: 1
Imprint: S190
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Eszopiclone Cautionary Labels

precautions

Uses of Eszopiclone

Eszopiclone is a prescription medication used in adults for the treatment of a sleep problem called insomnia. Symptoms of insomnia include:

  • trouble falling asleep
  • waking up often during the night

This medication may be prescribed for other uses. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.

Eszopiclone Drug Class

Eszopiclone is part of the drug class:

Side Effects of Eszopiclone

Possible serious side effects include:

  • getting out of bed while not being fully awake and do an activity that you do not know you are doing (see "Drug Precautions").
  • abnormal thoughts and behavior. Symptoms include more outgoing or aggressive behavior than normal, confusion, agitation, hallucinations, worsening of depression, and suicidal thoughts or actions.
  • memory loss
  • anxiety
  • severe allergic reactions. Symptoms include swelling of the tongue or throat, trouble breathing, and nausea and vomiting. Get emergency medical help if you get these symptoms after taking eszopiclone.

Call your doctor right away if you have any of the above side effects or any other side effects that worry you while using eszopiclone.

The most common side effects of eszopiclone are:

  • unpleasant taste in mouth, dry mouth
  • drowsiness
  • dizziness
  • headache
  • symptoms of the common cold

You may still feel drowsy the next day after taking eszopiclone. Do not drive or do other dangerous activities after taking eszopiclone until you feel fully awake.

These are not all the side effects of eszopiclone. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.

Eszopiclone Interactions

Tell your doctor about all the medicines you take including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. Especially tell your doctor if you take:

  • olanzapine
  • ketoconazole
  • itraconazole
  • rifampin
  • antidepressants
  • antihistamines
  • other sleeping pills
  • antibiotics (Biaxin)
  • nelfinavir (Viracept)
  • ritonavir (Norvir)
  • antianxiety medicines
  • seizure medicines

Medicines can interact with each other, sometimes causing serious side effects. Do not take eszopiclone with other medicines that can make you sleepy. This is not a complete list of medicines that can interact with eszopiclone. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for a complete list.

Eszopiclone Precautions

After taking eszopiclone, you may get up out of bed while not being fully awake and do an activity that you do not know you are doing. The next morning, you may not remember that you did anything during the night. You have a higher chance for doing these activities if you drink alcohol or take other medicines that make you sleepy with eszopiclone. Reported activities include:

  • driving a car ("sleep-driving")
  • making and eating food
  • talking on the phone
  • having sex
  • sleep-walking

Call your doctor right away if you find out that you have done any of the above activities after taking eszopiclone.

Important:

  1. Take eszopiclone exactly as prescribed
    • Do not take more eszopiclone than prescribed.
    • Take eszopiclone right before you get in bed, not sooner.
  2. Do not take eszopiclone if you:
    • drink alcohol
    • take other medicines that can make you sleepy. Talk to your doctor about all of your medicines. Your doctor will tell you if you can take eszopiclone with your other medicines
    • cannot get a full night's sleep

Do not take eszopiclone if you are allergic to anything in it.

Eszopiclone Food Interactions

Medicines can interact with certain foods. In some cases, this may be harmful and your doctor may advise you to avoid certain foods. In the case of eszopiclone there are no specific foods that you must exclude from your diet when receiving this medication.

Inform MD

Before starting eszopiclone, tell your doctor about all of your health conditions, including if you:

  • have a history of depression, mental illness, or suicidal thoughts
  • have a history of drug or alcohol abuse or addiction
  • have liver disease
  • are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or breastfeeding

Tell your doctor about all of the medicines you take including prescription and nonprescription medicines, vitamins and herbal supplements. Medicines can interact with each other, sometimes causing serious side effects. Do not take eszopiclone with other medicines that can make you sleepy.

Eszopiclone and Pregnancy

Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant.

The FDA categorizes medications based on safety for use during pregnancy. Five categories - A, B, C, D, and X, are used to classify the possible risks to an unborn baby when a medication is taken during pregnancy.

Eszopiclone falls into category C. There are no well-done studies that have been done in humans with this medication. But in animal studies, pregnant animals were given this medication, and the babies did not show any medical issues related to this medication.

 

Eszopiclone and Lactation

Tell your doctor if you are breastfeeding or planning to breastfeed.

It is not known if eszopiclone crosses into human milk. Because many medications can cross into human milk and because of the possibility for serious adverse reactions in nursing infants with use of this medication, a choice should be made whether to stop nursing or stop the use of this medication. Your doctor and you will decide if the benefits outweigh the risk of using eszopiclone.

 

Eszopiclone Usage

  • Take eszopiclone exactly as prescribed. Do not take more eszopiclone than prescribed for you.
  • Take eszopiclone right before you get into bed.
  • Do not take eszopiclone with, or right after a high-fat meal.
  • Do not take eszopiclone unless you are able to get a full night's sleep before you must be active again.
  • Call your doctor if your insomnia worsens or is not better within 7 to 10 days. This may mean that there is another condition causing your sleep problems.
  • If you take too much eszopiclone or overdose, call your doctor or poison control center right away, or get emergency treatment.

Eszopiclone Dosage

Take eszopiclone exactly as prescribed

  • Do not take more eszopiclone than prescribed.
  • Take eszopiclone right before you get in bed, not sooner.

Patients starting on eszopiclone should take no more than 1 mg at bedtime. Doses can be increased to 2 mg or 3 mg if needed, but the higher doses are more likely to result in next-day impairment of driving and other activities that require full alertness.

Eszopiclone Overdose

If you take too much eszopiclone (more than the prescribed amount) call your local Poison Control Center or seek emergency medical attention right away.

Forms of Medication

Eszopiclone tablets are available in the following strengths: 1 mg, 2 mg, and 3 mg.


Other Requirements

  • Store eszopiclone at room temperature, between 59°F to 86°F (15°C to 30°C).
  • Do not use eszopiclone after the expiration date.
  • Keep eszopiclone and all medicines out of reach of children.

Eszopiclone is a federally controlled substance (C-IV) because it can be abused or lead to dependence. Keep this medication in a safe place to prevent misuse and abuse. Selling or giving away eszopiclone may harm others, and is against the law. Tell your doctor if you have ever abused or been dependent on alcohol, prescription medicines or street drugs.