Psychotherapy is a general term referring to therapeutic interaction or treatment contracted between a trained professional and a client or patient; family, couple or group. The problems addressed are psychological in nature and of no specific kind or degree, but rather depend on the specialty of the practitioner.
Psychotherapy aims to increase the individual's sense of his/her own well-being. Psychotherapists employ a range of techniques based on experiential relationship building, dialog, communication and behavior change that are designed to improve the mental health of a client or patient, or to improve group relationships (such as in a family).
Psychodynamic psychotherapy (also known as insight-oriented therapy) is a form of depth psychology (psychoanalytic approaches to therapy and research that take the unconscious into account), the primary focus of which is to reveal the unconscious content of a person's psyche in an effort to alleviate psychic tension. In this way, it is similar to psychoanalysis. It also relies on the interpersonal relationship between client and therapist more than other forms of depth psychology.
The goal of the therapy is to help increase the patient's self-awareness and to help understand the influence of the patient's past on his or her present behavior