Formerly it was used in the form of tinctures or ointments that were applied to the affected areas. This plant has been used for more than 4500 years, but around 1930 it began to be outlawed since it was considered as marijuana for economic interests in favor of synthetic fibers in the United States.
The most medicinal flower
Currently, there are hundreds of varieties of industrial hemp and, so far, about 113 cannabinoids, more than 100 terpenes, in addition to proteins, fiber, magnesium, omega 3, 6, 9 and many more nutritional components have been detected, making the industrial hemp flower is possibly the most medicinal flower that exists.
The industrial hemp plant-based products can be easily found online; for example, Naturalstrains offers various hemp flower-based products.
The industrial hemp plant can be male or female. The difference between one and the other is that the male flower only serves to pollinate the female hemp flowers, which if they were not pollinated we would only obtain seedless hemp buds and the plant would not reproduce by not producing seed.
Therefore, the hemp flower with seeds is highly nutritious and forms a plant mass called bud, composed of terpenes, cannabinoids and nutritional components. We all know the properties of terpenes through thyme, rosemary, lavender and an endless number of aromatic plants, used for cosmetics, medicine and aromatherapy.
In the hemp flower, we can find terpenes and sequiterpenes in very generous percentages compared to other aromatic plants.
The endocannabinoid system
It is an intercellular communication system. Basically, it is a neurotransmission system, although it is much more than that, since it is found in other organs and tissues of the body, and not exclusively in the brain.
The cannabinoid system
The endocannabinoid system is made up of cannabinoid receptors CB1 and CB2 and endocannabinoids that interact in the same way as a lock and its key. They are involved in a wide variety of physiological functions such as the regulation of pain perception, cardiovascular, intestinal and liver functions.
Many diseases are caused due to its malfunction, when it does not produce enough cannabinoids and causes imbalances in our body. These cannabinoids are vital for strengthening the immune system, preventing or alleviating different diseases such as Multiple Sclerosis, Epilepsy, Cancer, Parkinson’s, Diabetes, Arthritis, skin problems, among others.
So far 113 cannabinoids have been found, but due to their illegality and lack of resources by pharmaceutical companies and the State, only some of them are being investigated, such as THC, CBD, CBC, CBG, etc.
One of the most studied is THC, whose molecule is in marijuana, and the CBD oil offered by the hemp flower in percentages of 1% to 4%. Currently working with the seedless hemp flower, with the intention of increasing the percentages of CBD up to 10% and 20%.
THC has been shown to act on CB1 receptors in the brain and, just as it is psychoactive, it also serves to alleviate pain, increase appetite, and is effective for some types of tumors.
On the other hand, CBD acts on the CB2 receptors in the central nervous system, and unlike THC, it is not psychoactive, it is legal and is offered by the hemp flower, providing other benefits such as analgesic, anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective, anticonvulsant, antioxidant, anti-nausea and antiemetic, antitumor, anxiolytic and antipsychotic.